GLOSSARY: Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement was a social movement that helped end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans. The movement started in 1954 and ended in 1968. After slavery ended African Americans still had to deal with overt, institutional, and dejure racism. Rosa Parks sparked the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement when she refused […]

GLOSSARY: Public Space

Public space is an open area that is publicly owned and open to everyone. It is also a place where people come together and talk about policies or protest public issues. Examples of public spaces are sidewalks, parks, libraries, recreation facilities, etc. Many people take public space for granted and they don’t realize how beneficial […]

Sustainability Breakthroughs

There are signs of hope, in terms of environmental safety, being shown in the small town St.Kjeld, Copenhagen Denmark. After an extremely destructive cloudburst in 2011 the city decided to become proactive about future protection from natural disasters. City officials acknowledged the powerful trajectory of global warming and created a climate-change-adapted neighborhood. In this neighborhood […]

GLOSSARY: [Stop and Frisk]

Stop and Frisk is a police practice that allows police officers to publicly pat down anyone,  non discriminatory towards age or gender, and can arrest them depending on what they find. Stop and Frisk is a controversial law because the majority of people targeted were people of color, and stop and frisk led to arrests […]

GLOSSARY: [Racial Profiling]

Racial profiling is using someone’s ethnicity/race to stereotype them and suspect them to have done a certain action, usually a crime, solely because of their race. Racial profiling can occur in stores, on the street, even in centers for education. Accusing someone of a crime or putting extra security on someone is included in racial […]

GLOSSARY: [Gentrification]

Gentrification at face value is just the revitalization of a neighborhood, bringing in new business and residents. Deep down gentrification is the opposite of the good face it provides. Gentrification brings about removal of minorities who can’t keep up with rent hikes. New and affluent residents move into the neighborhood. Traditional and old shops and […]

15th Amendment

The 15th amendment gave African American men the right to vote. It states that “the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” While it gave African American men the […]

14th Amendment

The 14th amendment was created in 1868 during the Reconstruction era and its purpose was to grant all citizens born in the United States citizenship. This included specifically former slaves and gave them equal protection under the law. However, this also led to separate but equal, where local governments would keep races separate and they […]

13th Amendment

“Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.” In simpler terms, the 13th amendment abolished slavery in the United States. It was passed in 1864-65 after the Civil War. This was […]