IRCA –Immigration and Reform and Control Act. It was introduced in the United States to control and limit the illegal immigration, also to includes provision to legalize undocumented employees. This enforces that employers can only hire people with legal status. To be hired employers must verify the identity and employment eligibility.  


2) NYCHA-New York City Housing Authority, provides housing for low and moderate income residents throughout the five boroughs of New York city. Their mission is to increase opportunities for low- and moderate income New Yorkers by providing safe , affordable housing and facilitating access to social and community services.

GLOSSARY: [Reverse redlining]

1)Reverse redlining- also known as predatory lending. The lender does not refuse to do business inside the redline area, but instead actively targets member of particular group for predatory lending practices. predatory lending benefits the lender and ignores or hinders the borrower’s ability to repay the debt. These lending tactics often try to take advantage […]

GLOSSARY: [Southern Strategy]

A strategy often employed by southern republican politicians by which promises of reducing minority crime, welfare cheaters, and illegal immigrants reel in the support of low income white voters. This strategy thinly veils a racist agenda on part of the politician in that it plays into the fears of the public of minority groups. In […]

Black Codes

Black Codes were laws enacted by southern states after the Civil War. These laws restricted African Americans freedom and forced them to work in a labor economy. Black codes limited blacks from doing many things that any free person should be able to do; the codes restricted blacks from voting, from owning property, and from […]

GLOSSARY: Civil Rights Movement

The Civil Rights Movement was a social movement that helped end racial segregation and discrimination against African Americans. The movement started in 1954 and ended in 1968. After slavery ended African Americans still had to deal with overt, institutional, and dejure racism. Rosa Parks sparked the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement when she refused […]

GLOSSARY: Public Space

Public space is an open area that is publicly owned and open to everyone. It is also a place where people come together and talk about policies or protest public issues. Examples of public spaces are sidewalks, parks, libraries, recreation facilities, etc. Many people take public space for granted and they don’t realize how beneficial […]

GLOSSARY: [Stop and Frisk]

Stop and Frisk is a police practice that allows police officers to publicly pat down anyone,  non discriminatory towards age or gender, and can arrest them depending on what they find. Stop and Frisk is a controversial law because the majority of people targeted were people of color, and stop and frisk led to arrests […]