Black Codes were laws enacted by southern states after the Civil War. These laws restricted African Americans freedom and forced them to work in a labor economy. Black codes limited blacks from doing many things that any free person should be able to do; the codes restricted blacks from voting, from owning property, and from loitering. If any black person was found without an ID they would be fined or jailed, and forced to work. Also if they did not have a job they would be forced to work for very small wages. Black codes were more harsh than Jim Crow laws.
For Further Reading:
- History.com (History Channel). (2010). ‘Black Codes’: http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/black-codes