Immigration Policy in the United States

In the article, How U.S. Immigration Laws and Rules have Changed throughout History, it discusses how the immigration policies have changed over the years. Starting as far back as to when the United States was won from Great Britain immigration laws were intact. By 1965 laws opened the doors to immigrants from all over; however, in more recent years the concerns on immigration have increased drastically. Unauthorized immigration and terrorism are main concerns for the laws implemented recently by the United States. By 1790, whites who lived in the United States for at least two years were able to obtain citizenship; however, it was not until 1870 that these rights were extended to African Americans. By 1875 restrictions became greater on immigration laws. “They included bans on criminals, people with contagious diseases, polygamists, anarchists, beggars and importers of prostitutes. Other restrictions targeted the rising number of Asian immigrants, first limiting migration from China and later banning immigration from most Asian countries.” By 1965 immigration predominantly included people born in Asia and Latin America, rather than Europe like in the early 1900’s. “In 1986, Congress enacted another major law – the Immigration Reform and Control Act – that granted legalization to millions of unauthorized immigrants, mainly from Latin America, who met certain conditions.” Laws concerning unauthorized immigrant were imposed in 1996, 2002, and 2006. They focused on border control, enforcement of laws on hiring immigrants and tightened admissions eligibility. In most recent years there were immigration policies passed in 2012 and 2014 by President Obama. “In 2012, President Obama took executive action to allow young adults who had been brought to the country illegally to apply for deportation relief and a work permit. In 2014, he expanded that program (known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA) and set up a new program to offer similar benefits to some unauthorized-immigrant parents of U.S.-born children.”

Assignment 4-8, Immigration Policy, ,

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