When we think of public space, we often are reminded of open spaces that are given to us freely for us to enjoy, like parks or gardens. For the majority of us, we take these spaces for granted. We are allowed to sit and enjoy it as we please, but what we aren’t seeing is the restriction of the same uses for the homeless. We do not see the subtle ways the government is trying to restrict the homeless from sleeping or staying at certain places like the dividers on park/bus benches, or the spikes on certain ledges to keep people from sitting on them. There are even some park benches that have spikes in them until you pay for them to be removed for a certain period of time so you can comfortably sit on it (as shown below). The government states, as shown in “No Safe Place: The Criminalization of Homelessness in US Cities” by the National Coalition for the homeless, that these precautions are taken so that these people are less likely to chose homelessness. If the government makes life harder for these people, then perhaps they won’t want to be homeless anymore. This, however, is often not the case. Most of these laws criminalizing the homeless come from the belief that if they were to strike down on the homeless, then the tourist business in the cities would increase, allowing for more profit to those certain cities. The methods that these laws use are unfortunately expensive and infringe on the human rights of these people instead of doing what the government wants which is increase tourism and decrease the amount of people on the streets. In this article by the New York Times speaks about how difficult it is to find a safe space in Honululu, as more and more homeless people are recieving tickets for spending the night at certain spaces. There are even laws passed now that prohibit people from sleeping in their own cars, and it seems difficult to believe that these laws are for the benefit of the homeless, that they are implemented so that the homeless would be nudged into a better life instead of working for the agenda of the city to rid the eyesores before the tourists come in. With gentrification and the rise of housing costs, it is difficult for these people to obtain affordable housing, and with these laws passed, it is more difficult for them to find a safe space to stay the night.